Tapenade takes its name from the provençal word for capers (tapeno). There are lots of recipes for tapenade but they all have the common ingredients of black (or green) olives, anchovies, olive oil and capers. The addition of garlic, lemon juice, mustard, pepper or various herbs (usually herbes de Provence such as thyme, savory, laurel, fennel, rosemary...) allows you to personalise your tapenade.

This is the recipe for the basic tapenade.

Ingredients (for 6 people):

- 200 g of large stoned black olives

- 5 anchovy fillets (100 g) in olive oil

- 8 (60 g) capers

- 1 clove of garlic (optional)

- 3 (150 ml) soupspoons of olive oil

Mince finely each ingredient separately.

Mix together adding a fine "dribble" of olive oil. A good tapenade should be thick and smooth.

Put the paste into a closed jar and leave in a cool place for at least a few hours before serving.

A few tips:

ÓChantal Moret, Mike Briley 1999-2006